Take a few minutes to find out how the vehicle you are considering purchasing compares on the safety front. Those few minutes could save a life – your own, your passengers’ or that of another road user.
The Used Car Safety Ratings rate over 300 vehicle models which cover most of the popular vehicles in the Australian and New Zealand vehicle fleets manufactured from 1996 to 2011.
The tables below provide you with the crash safety rating for the driver. They show you how well each vehicle protects its driver from death or serious injury in a crash.
Download the PDF
Download the Used Car Safety Ratings 2012 brochure (PDF, 2.71MB)
|Honda||Jazz / Fit||02-08|
|Daihatsu||Sirion / Storia||98-04|
|Ford / Mazda||Festiva WA / 121||87-90|
|Holden / Suzuki||Barina / Swift / Cultus||86-88|
|Holden / Suzuki||Barina / Swift / Cultus||89-99|
|Hyundai||Getz / TB||02-10|
|Mazda||121 / Autozam Review||94-96|
|Mazda||121 Metro / Demio||97-02|
|Mitsubishi||Mirage / Colt||82-88|
|Subaru||Sherpa / Fiori / 700 / Rex||89-92|
|Suzuki||Hatch / Alto||82-84|
|Volkswagen||Golf / Bora||99-04|
|Volkswagen||Golf / Jetta||04-10|
|Ford||Focus LS / LT||05-09|
|Mazda||3 / Axela||03-09|
|Ford / Mazda||Laser / 323||99-03|
|Toyota||Corolla / Allex||98-01|
|Nissan||Pulsar / Vector / Sentra||92-95|
|Suzuki||Baleno / Cultus Crescent||95-02|
|Ford / Mazda||Laser / 323 / Familia||82-88|
|Holden / Nissan||Astra / Pulsar / Langley||84-86|
|Holden / Nissan||Astra / Pulsar / Vector / Sentra||88-90|
|Honda||Civic / Ballade / Shuttle||84-87|
|Honda||Civic / Shuttle||88-91|
|Hyundai||Excel / Accent||95-00|
|Mazda||323 / Familia / Lantis||90-93|
|Mazda||323 / Familia / Lantis||95-98|
|Mitsubishi||Lancer / Mirage CA||89-90|
|Mitsubishi||Lancer / Mirage CB||91-92|
|Mitsubishi||Lancer / Mirage CC||93-95|
|Mitsubishi||Lancer / Mirage CE||96-03|
|Mitsubishi||Lancer CE / CG / Cedia||02-03|
|Nissan||Pulsar / Vector / Sentra||96-99|
|Nissan||Gazelle / Silvia||84-86|
|Toyota||Paseo / Cynos||91-99|
|Toyota / Holden||Corolla / Nova||89-93|
|Toyota / Holden||Corolla / Nova||94-97|
|BMW||3 Series E90/E91/E92/E93||05-10|
|BMW||5 Series E39||96-03|
|Mercedes Benz||C-Class W203||00-07|
|Subaru||Liberty / Legacy / Outback||03-09|
|BMW||5 Series E34||89-95|
|Mercedes Benz||C-Class W202||95-00|
|Subaru||Liberty / Legacy / Outback||99-03|
|BMW||3 Series E36||92-98|
|BMW||3 Series E46||99-06|
|Nissan||200SX / Silvia||94-02|
|Subaru||Liberty / Legacy / Outback||94-98|
|BMW||3 Series E30||82-91|
|Ford / Mazda||Telstar / 626 / MX6 / Capella /
|Subaru||Liberty / Legacy||89-93|
|Ford / Mazda||Telstar / 626 / MX6 / Capella||83-86|
|Ford / Mazda||Telstar / 626 / MX6 / Capella||88-91|
|Holden / Toyota||Apollo JK/JL / Camry / Vista||88-92|
|Holden / Toyota||Apollo JM/JP / Camry / Sceptor||93-97|
|Mitsubishi||Sigma / Galant / Sapporo /
|Nissan / Ford||Pintara / Corsair / Bluebird||89-92|
|Subaru||1800 / Leone / Omega /
|Mercedes Benz||E-Class W210||96-02|
|Ford||Fairlane & LTD AU||99-02|
|Mercedes Benz||E-Class W124||86-94|
|Mitsubishi||Magna TL/TW / Verada KL/KW||03-05|
|Ford||Fairlane N & LTD D||88-94|
|Ford||Fairlane N & LTD D||95-98|
|Nissan||Maxima / Cefiro||95-99|
|Toyota||Cressida / Mark II||89-93|
|Ford||Falcon EB Series II / Falcon ED||92-94|
|Holden / Toyota||Commodore VR/VS / Lexcen||93-97|
|Mitsubishi||Magna TE/TF/TH/TJ / Verada KE/KF/KH/KJ / Diamante||96-03|
|Mitsubishi||Magna TR/TS / Verada KR/KS / V3000 / Diamante||91-96|
|Ford||Fairlane Z & LTD F||82-87|
|Ford||Falcon EA / Falcon EB Series I||88-92|
|Holden / Toyota||Commodore VN/VP / Lexcen||89-93|
|Mazda||929 / Luce||82-90|
|Mitsubishi||Magna TM/TN/TP / Sigma / V3000||85-90|
|Toyota||Crown / Cressida / Mark II||82-85|
|Toyota||Tarago / Previa / Estima||00-06|
|Toyota||Tarago / Previa / Estima||91-99|
|Mitsubishi||Starwagon / Delica Spacegear||95-98|
|Mitsubishi||Starwagon / Delica Spacegear||98-03|
|Mitsubishi||Starwagon / Delica Starwagon||87-93|
|Mitsubishi||Starwagon / L300||83-86|
Commercial - Vans
|Volkswagen||Caravelle / Transporter||95-04|
|Ford||Falcon Panel Van||82-95|
|Daihatsu||Handivan / Cuore||99-03|
|Holden||Shuttle / WFR Van||82-87|
|Holden / Suzuki||Scurry / Carry||82-00|
Commercial - Utes
|Mitsubishi||Triton ML / MN||06-10|
|Ford||Falcon Ute BA/BF||03-08|
|Ford / Mazda||Ranger / BT-50||06-10|
|Ford||Falcon Ute AU||00-02|
|Ford / Mazda||Courier / Bravo / Bounty||03-06|
|Ford / Mazda||Courier / B-Series / Bounty||98-02|
|Holden||Commodore VY/VZ Ute||02-07|
|Holden||Commodore VU Ute||00-02|
|Holden||Commodore Ute VR/VS||94-00|
|Ford / Nissan||Falcon Ute / XFN Ute||82-95|
|Holden||Commodore Ute VG/VP||90-93|
|Holden / Isuzu||Rodeo / Pickup||82-85|
|Holden / Isuzu||Rodeo / Pickup||89-95|
|Ford / Mazda||Escape / Tribute||01-06|
|Daihatsu||Feroza / Rocky||89-97|
|Daihatsu||Rocky / Rugger||85-98|
|Holden / Suzuki||Drover / Sierra / Samurai / SJ410 / SJ413||82-99|
|Suzuki||Vitara / Escudo||88-98|
|Mitsubishi||Pajero NM / NP / NS||00-06|
|Nissan||Pathfinder / Terrano / Regulus||95-05|
|Holden / Isuzu||Jackaroo / Bighorn||92-97|
|Nissan||Pathfinder / Terrano||88-94|
|Toyota||Kluger / Highlander||03-07|
|Holden / Isuzu||Jackaroo / Bighorn||82-91|
|Holden / Isuzu||Jackaroo / Bighorn||98-02|
|Jeep||Grand Cherokee WG||99-05|
|Nissan||Patrol / Safari||98-10|
|Land Rover||Range Rover||82-94|
|Nissan / Ford||Patrol / Maverick / Safari||88-97|
|Nissan||Patrol / Safari||82-87|
Protecting you in a crash
If all vehicle safety features were equivalent to the safest model, the number of fatal and disabling crash injuries could be significantly reduced.
Safety features that may significantly reduce the risk of death or serious injury in the event of a crash include:
- front, side, curtain and knee airbags
- seat belts designed to work with airbags.
- crumple zones
- collapsible steering columns
- reinforced door frames
Myths about vehicle safety
Myth: You can take more risks if you’ve got a vehicle with safety features – they will save you in a crash.
Fact: While safety features are more likely to increase your chances of surviving a crash, they don’t make you indestructible. Safety features won’t necessarily save you from death or serious injury, particularly at higher speeds or if you’re not wearing your seat belt.
Myth: A safe vehicle is more expensive.
Fact: Many reasonably priced vehicle models score very well in the safety ratings and better than some of the more expensive models.
Myth: Older vehicles tend to be bigger and heavier, and therefore safer.
Fact: Older vehicles have been shown from crash records to be less safe on average than newer vehicles, due to fewer safety features and less sophisticated design.
Features to assist avoiding a crash
An increasing number of vehicles are being equipped with safety features that help drivers avoid a crash and these should be considered when purchasing a used car. Some of these features are:
- Automatic braking
- Lane departure waring
- Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
- Traction Control
- Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
- Brake Assist
In deciding between different vehicles, or different models of the same vehicle, always chose the one with more of these features.
Decade of Action of Road Safety
Most of us know someone who has been affected by a road crash, either by being injured themselves, or through suffering a bereavement or injury to a family member or friend.
Every day, around the world, 3,500 people leave home and never return because they have been suddenly, violently killed in a road crash.
The United Nations General Assembly has set the goal for the decade: "to stabilise and then reduce the forecast level of road traffic fatalities around the world" by 2020. Millions of deaths could be saved as a result. The United Nations' Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 is our opportunity to make our communities and streets safer wherever we live.
You can support this campaign by selecting a safer used vehicle by following the recommendations in this brochure.
How these safety ratings are calculated
Records from over 5 million vehicles in police-reported road crashes in Australia and New Zealand between 1996 and 2010 were analysed by Monash University’s Accident Research Centre. The ratings were calculated using an internationally reviewed method and are influenced by the vehicle’s mass, the structural design of the body, and the safety features fitted to the vehicle, such as airbags and types of seat belts.
Each of the driver protection ratings in the 2012 update has been recalculated based on the most recent crash data available so they are not comparable with the ratings published in previous years. Models of vehicles that cause lower injuries to other road users with which they collide, including other drivers, pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, as well as providing excellent protection for their own driver, are awarded the “Safe Pick” label.
The score for each individual model can be compared against the ratings for all other vehicles.
The driver protection ratings are about the risk of death or serious injury to the driver of the vehicle in the event of a crash. The ratings are not about the risk of being involved in the crash in the first place, which is generally determined by a range of factors including driver behaviour, vehicle condition and the road environment.
Question: Won’t certain kinds of vehicles score a good rating because of the types of people who drive them or where they are driven?
These factors were taken into account as much as possible when the data were analysed. The ratings were adjusted for factors such as driver gender and age, type of road user involved, speed limit at the crash location, number of vehicles involved, crash configuration, and year and location of crash.
What's the difference between these ratings and the new car safety ratings?
New car safety ratings (eg ANCAP) are determined by crash testing vehicles in a controlled laboratory setting while the used car safety ratings in this brochure are calculated using data from millions of police reports on actual crashes involving a range of drivers and all types of driving conditions.
Occupants of heavier vehicles in real-world multi-vehicle crashes typically fare better than those in lighter vehicles. This is why ANCAP crash test results should not be compared among vehicles with large weight differences. In many single-vehicle crashes, greater weight offers no safety advantage. ANCAP crash test ratings relate to both occupant protection and the ability of the car to avoid a crash. ANCAP has a separate rating for a vehicle’s ability to protect a pedestrian in a crash.
The used car safety ratings listed in this brochure can be compared across all categories as they are derived from reports of actual on-road crashes and represent the ability of the car to protect its driver.
The ‘Safe Pick’ vehicles further identify vehicles that provide the best protection for both their own occupants and other road users in a crash.
Any vehicle safety rating system can only provide an indication of the relative levels of protection between vehicles you can expect in the event of a crash. Whether or not you die or are seriously injured in a crash also depends on how safely you drive your vehicle.
20 years of ratings
It is increasingly obvious from these Used Car Safety Ratings that, on average, newer models provide their drivers with better protection from injury in a crash.
This year marks 20 years since these ratings were first produced. Vehicle technology, build quality and safety design have all progressed enormously over that period. Features such as Electronic Stability Control, at least six airbags, and pre-tensioning seat belts are now almost universal in newer vehicles.
It is increasingly obvious from these Used Car Safety Ratings that, on average, newer models provide their drivers with better protection from injury in a crash. These improvements come from better structural designs, an increase in the fitting of safety features such as front, side, curtain and knee airbags, more advanced seat belt systems and vehicle interiors built with more energy-absorbing materials.
Another consistent trend is that there is significant variation within vehicle categories, even between vehicle models of the same age. Furthermore, some vehicle models, including recent ones, provide good protection for their drivers but present a high risk of injury to other road users in a crash. The Used Car Safety Ratings assist buyers to select vehicle models that provide the best protection for all road users including themselves.
These ratings are based on available data up until 2010. Later crashes have not been included. Occupant protection in smaller vehicles has improved significantly in recent years. Buyers considering a late model vehicle, particularly in the light and small categories, that is not listed in this brochure should check the ANCAP rating and aim at a 5 star performance – see www.ancap.com.au.